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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 25  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 6-10

Evidence-based intervention to prevent anemia among women of reproductive age group in developing countries

Department of Public Health, College of Public Health, Imam Abdul Rehman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mubashir Zafar
Department of Public Health, College of Public Health, Imam Abdul Rehman Bin Faisal University, Dammam
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jmgims.jmgims_50_19

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Background and Objective: Anemia in developing countries is the biggest public health problem. Reproductive age group women have high prevalence. The objective of the present study is to determine the cost-effective intervention for the reduction of anemia among women of reproductive age group. Methodology: A review of the literature was done for identifying various preventive strategies regarding anemia and its implementation barriers in low- and middle-income countries. Google Scholar, PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus were used as search engines.Results: The result of the review shows that the most cost-effective method for the prevention of anemia among women is iron fortification of food, iron supplementation, community-based health promotion of healthy nutrition. Women empowerment is the best tool for the implementation of all the above method for the prevention of anemia. Conclusion: Community-based intervention is the most effective method for reducing maternal anemia. It includes health promotion and women empowerment. There is a need to develop policies to improve the health promotion activities and involvement of women in society.

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