Year : 2018 | Volume
: 23 | Issue : 1 | Page : 1--2
National eligibility and entrance test and national exit test
Department of Medicine, MGIMS, Wardha, Maharashtra, India
Dr. O P Gupta
Department of Medicine Sewagram, Wardha, Maharashtra
|How to cite this article:|
Gupta O P. National eligibility and entrance test and national exit test.J Mahatma Gandhi Inst Med Sci 2018;23:1-2
|How to cite this URL:|
Gupta O P. National eligibility and entrance test and national exit test. J Mahatma Gandhi Inst Med Sci [serial online] 2018 [cited 2022 May 20 ];23:1-2
Available from: https://www.jmgims.co.in/text.asp?2018/23/1/1/229149
A long-felt need of a uniform system for the admissions in professional colleges is fulfilled with the introduction of National Eligibility and Entrance Test (NEET), specially for medical undergraduate and postgraduate studies. The idea conceived somewhere in the year 2012, and with initial opposition from some quarters, controversy, court cases, etc., finally, it is successfully implemented for the medical admissions in the year 2017. This relieves the students of appearing in multiple tests, coping with physical and mental stress, wasting time and money and stopping the malpractices in admissions in some areas. While the new system is being implemented, it is quite possible that some of the students might have faced difficulties, because of variation in the syllabus from state to state. The harmonization of the syllabus all over the country is necessary to help them to eliminate their stress for studies beyond their curriculum and to bring all the students at par for fair competition, It should be possible.
It was disturbing to come across the news of leakage of papers, papers in different languages (knowing very well that ultimately the whole medical education is in the English language only) to relieve the tension of the students who are not from English medium schools, but then there were different sets of papers, different number of questions in some language papers, etc., Quite a good number of seats could not be filled this year. The experience gained while conducting this last examination (NEET) and counseling, hopefully care will be taken so to avoid all such problems of the seats remaining vacant 
Understanding the problem of English language is essential, if it is scaring those who appeared in the test, how will they cope up with the “English medium medical course?” Is it not the right time to think of alternative media of instructions like teaching medicine in Hindi or other languages? We learn the mother tongue since birth, through out the schooling we have conversation in that very language, and majority of schools in all states teach the students in the local language of that state except a small number of students who can afford English medium schooling. Even after becoming a doctor, day in and day out they have to discuss all about illness and treatment with the patient, his relatives in local language only, but when it comes to writing a case history, it is only by translating it in to English, (quite likely that some words may not have correct translation) and a prescription which patient cannot understand is also in English only. If survey is carried out amongst the students may provide a correct picture, whether they will be happy if the medium of instructions is changed to suit them. At present also while teaching the undergraduate medical students, at times it is required to explain things in the local languages. I understand it is a difficult task to change the medium of instructions as it require vast amount of translations which may consume a lot of time, but then one must think in that direction.
Some nonuniformity is still persisting, such as aspirants from states of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, and J&K are not eligible for 15% all India quota! All India Institutes of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) and Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), are holding their separate tests for admissions in those institutions! These anomalies need to be removed in near future so that we may have a uniform system in the whole country without discrimination. “AIIMS maintains higher standards and following common entrance test syllabus would mean reducing its status, which is uncalled for,” an AIIMS source said. To bring in the parity why not to raise the standard of NEET to that of AIIMS level. The basic prerequisites of the candidates remain the same whether they are seeking admission in AIIMS or any other medical college in India. It is essential to have an aptitude test of those seeking admission in medical colleges to select a right kind of candidate who has leadership qualities and communication skills, empathy and drive to serve the underprivileged. Whether such test is a part of NEET or it is carried out at the time of counseling it can be decided by policymakers.
There is news of creation of a National Testing Agency, which is recently approved by Union cabinet, as an autonomous, self-sustained premier testing organization, will be the single authority that will conduct entrance tests for all higher institutions like joint entrance examination (JEE), NEET, National eligibility test (NET), and other similar prestigious examinations. This will help in achieving transparency and standardization of medical entrance test providing equal opportunity to all those aspiring for medical education in the institutions of their choice.
The proposal of National Exit Test for Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) graduates which is mooted recently (amending Indian Medical Act 1956 by adding section 10) is a nice idea, in view of vast diversity of medical institutions from AIIMS to Government, Private, and the Minority Medical colleges including some deemed Universities which have marked variation in staff, teaching pattern, and examination system. The basic objective mentioned therein is to provide the quality and safe physicians to the society. Ideally, it should be held just at the initiation of internship, so that they will take full interest in doing internship and learning the skills; otherwise most of their time will be consumed in preparation for the examination. Whether the same test will be valid for postgraduate studies and result in selection of the students for such courses will be known at that very time, is not clear.
The “Vision document, 2015” of the medical council if India has addressed the important aspect of undergraduate and postgraduate medical education to bring in the necessary reforms keeping the people, and their health-related requirements in perspective and to make the quality of medical services available, accessible, and affordable to each needy individual. Improving the population, doctor ratio is one aspect, while other and important one is improving quality of training through changes in curriculum, especially the foundation course, horizontal and vertical integration in training, early clinical exposure of the students and focusing on common health problems pertaining to India. Students may also have a chance to have flexible learning by choosing some electives. Hope this vision document is implemented by all the medical institution in letter and spirit.