Year : 2018 | Volume
: 23 | Issue : 1 | Page : 30--31
Commentary on: Factors influencing substance use among adolescent slum dwellers of Guwahati City, Assam
Prakash B Behere, Kaveri N Chougule
Departments of Psychiatry, D. Y. Patil University, Kolhapur, Maharashtra, India
Prof. Prakash B Behere
Vice-Chancellor, D. Y. Patil University, Kasaba Bawada, Kolhapur - 416 006, Maharashtra
Adolescent being at risk for substance use has become a cause of concern. Hence, there arises a need to highlight the predictors and to address the range of problems caused by substance use. Here is a brief commentary on adolescent substance use.
|How to cite this article:|
Behere PB, Chougule KN. Commentary on: Factors influencing substance use among adolescent slum dwellers of Guwahati City, Assam.J Mahatma Gandhi Inst Med Sci 2018;23:30-31
|How to cite this URL:|
Behere PB, Chougule KN. Commentary on: Factors influencing substance use among adolescent slum dwellers of Guwahati City, Assam. J Mahatma Gandhi Inst Med Sci [serial online] 2018 [cited 2022 Aug 16 ];23:30-31
Available from: https://www.jmgims.co.in/text.asp?2018/23/1/30/229160
Considerable research has been done to understand adolescent use of the substance. Substance use often starts among a small percentage of youth during early adolescence, and this continues to increase throughout adolescence to adulthood. There are many new studies in this area which need attention.
It is an interesting study where factor influencing substance use among adolscents slum dwellers were assessed and discussed, but there are a lot of scopes for further extent, whether factor influencing non injectable and injectable substance abuse had the difference. Similarly, any physical, mental, social, and sexual abuse in childhood had an impact on adolescent substance use. Many other factors such as comorbid psychiatric disorders and deviant behaviors were not included in the assessment in the primary study. These factors might have some weightage in adolescent substance abuse.
Results from a recent national survey indicated that among eighth-grade students, 36.6% had tried alcohol, 17.4% had been intoxicated in their lifetime, and 15.7% had used marijuana; however, by 12th grade, 56.6% of students had been intoxicated and 42.0% had used marijuana. This shows 3 times rise in alcohol consumption and almost 4 folds increase in marijuana.
This rise in substance use has both immediate and long-term implications for adolescent health, well-being, and competence in adult roles., Specifically, substance use before the age of 17 years is a strong predictor of later use and dependence, and also the actual number of years of substance use.
In turn, substance dependence is linked to a variety of maladaptive outcomes, including a greater likelihood of psychiatric disorder and involvement in violent crime. Moreover, adolescent substance use is a key component of more general problem behavior, which includes antisocial or delinquent behavior, academic failure, and risky sexual activity. These findings underscore the importance of identifying specific risk and protective factors in the progression of use from early adolescence to early adulthood.
Various studies have associated psychiatric comorbidity among substance users. The epidemiological studies completed in the past two decades  have documented high prevalence rates of serious mental disorders co-occurring with substance use disorders. It is very important to find out whether substance use among adolescent was having primary use or comorbid use.
Factors influencing substance abuse may have different variables such as substance use, habitual excessive use, abuse, chronic use, or dependence.
There is relation with injectable drugs and its relation with sexually transmissible diseases, as underlying personality problems or deviant behavior. Moreover, adolescent substance use is a key component of more general problem behavior, which includes antisocial or delinquent behavior, academic failure, and risky sexual activity., These findings underscore the importance of identifying specific risk and protective factors in the progression of use from early adolescence to early adulthood.
Another important factors which influences the substance use adolescent are the quality of the parent-youth relationship which are linked to decreased risk for a variety of problem behaviors in adolescence, including substance use. Peer relationships are another critical aspect of the social context that can precipitate adolescent substance use.
Financial support and sponsorship
Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
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